What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, commonly known as piles, is a condition where veins, that are located around the lower rectum and the anus, get inflamed and swollen. This can cause discomfort and pain and can also cause bleeding especially when the person is sitting or during bowel movements. A person can get hemorrhoids on the inside or even on the outside.

Hemorrhoids develop internally and deep within the lower rectum or the anus. These generally do not cause any pain. When hemorrhoids develop externally, they grow outside and around the anus and are visible.

External hemorrhoids are painful as they develop in an area where many sensitive nerves are present. People with external hemorrhoids may see bleeding during bowel movement.

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

  • Feeling uncomfortable and itchy in the anal area
  • Rectal Bleeding during bowel movement
  • Anal part getting swollen
  • Discomfort or pain while sitting
  • Thromboses hemorrhoid- presence of a lump near the anus and this can be painful and sensitive
  • Pressure that causes discomfort

Why do Hemorrhoids Occur During Pregnancy?

A lot of women are bound to get hemorrhoids during the last trimester of their pregnancy and they may also get it during the first month after the baby is born. This generally occurs because of the excess weight a woman, who is pregnant, carries around her rectum and perineum.

The growing uterus adds a lot of pressure on the veins in the pelvic region and the inferior vena cava veins. Also, a lot of women who sit for long periods of time or stand for a long time, are bound to get hemorrhoids. Also when a pregnant woman has a constipation issue and she strains when the stool is hard, it can put a lot of pressure on the veins in her rectal region, causing them to swell. This can lead to hemorrhoids. When a woman is in labor and she is pushing a lot during labor, there are chances she might postpartum.

How Long Do Pregnancy Hemorrhoids Last?

Depending on the type of hemorrhoid a person has (internal or external or thrombosed) and the severity of the hemorrhoids, they could go away in a day or two or they could even last for a few months. But hemorrhoids don’t go away on their own. You need to either try a few home remedies or visit a doctor if your hemorrhoids don’t seem to fade away or if the condition worsens. External hemorrhoids generally go away in a week. In case you have been taking home remedies to get rid of the hemorrhoids and they are not going away within a few days it’s better to consult a doctor.

Things that you can follow at home to get rid of external hemorrhoids include consuming food that is fiber-rich and also drinking a lot of water and other fluids can help to minimize the amount of pressure on your anus and make your hemorrhoids go away faster. Internal prolapsed hemorrhoids can take a very long time to heal. Prolapsed hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids that have grown so big that they bulge out of the anus. This kind of hemorrhoid may require you to consult. Some internal hemorrhoids may also require surgical treatment to remove them.

How to get rid of the pain if you have hemorrhoids during Pregnancy?

Applying an ice pack on the anal region may give you an immense amount of relief. A cold compression therapy along with the application of Witch Hazel can also relieve you from pain and discomfort. Sit in a tub of warm or slightly hot water or soak the affected area in warm water for a minimum of 15 minutes every day. This can make you forget the discomfort you were experiencing in the anal area In case you don’t have a bathtub at home, you can get a Sitz bath which is a basin made up of plastic and you can fill this with water and soak the rectal area.

Make sure to always clean the rectal area after every bowel movement. In case the pain doesn’t go visit a doctor and they may give you a topical anesthetic which will give you relief.